The subsequent conquering of Navarre brought together the territories that would become Spain. Ferdinand was born in Sos del Rey Católico, Aragon, as the son of John II of Aragon (whose family was a cadet branch of the House of Trastámara) by his second wife, Juana Enríquez. – of castile, wife of ferdinand ii of aragon and mother of henry viii's first wife catherine of aragon--- ii of aragon, husband of isabella i of castile and father of catherine of aragon; Ferdinand ii of aragón por ejemplo; Two of ferdinand vii's wives, to ferdinand vii; Another in aragón; The aragon flows into it; River through aragon Ferdinand II of Aragon Ferdinand the Catholic 1452 – 1516 King of Sicily and Aragon and king consort of Castile and Léon as Ferdinand V on his... Armour collection in the Armoury of Ferdinand II Ambras Castle Innsbruck Tyrol Austria 16th century. Ferdinand II, King of Spain, pointing across Atlantic to where Columbus is landing with three ships amid large group of Indians Coronation as king of Naples With his wife, Isabel de Castilla. Joanna was allegedly mentally unstable, and Joanna's and Philip's son, Charles, the future Emperor Charles V, was only six years old. Ferdinand attempted to retain the regency permanently, but was rebuffed by the Castilian nobility and replaced with Joanna's husband.  Juana was the daughter of Fredrique Enriquez, admiral of Castile and matrinal granddaughter of Jewess Paloma of Toledo, making Ferdinand halachically Jewish. die Reiche der Krone von Aragón. Ferdinand with his wife Isabel and with Christopher Columbus John, Prince of Girona, who died hours after being born on 3 May 1509. Ferdinand's grandson and successor Charles, was to inherit not only the Spanish lands of his maternal grandparents, but the Austrian and Burgundian lands of his paternal family, which would make his heirs the most powerful rulers on the continent and, with the discoveries and conquests in the Americas and elsewhere, of the first truly global Empire. Ferdinand II d'Aragon (en catalan : Ferran II, en castillan : Fernando II), né le 10 mars 1452 (ou 10 mai ?) The Holy League was generally successful in Italy, as well, driving the French from Milan, which was restored to its Sforza dukes by the peace treaty in 1513. Von 1474 bis 1504 war er, zusammen mit seiner Frau Isabella, als Ferdinand V. König von Kastilien und León. (Sos, Saragosse, 1452-Madrigalejo, Cáceres, 1516), roi d'Aragon (1479-1516), roi (Ferdinand V) de Castille (1474-1504), roi (Ferdinand III) de Naples (ou Sicile péninsulaire) [1504-1516]. When Henry III died in 1406, his son John II was an infant In 1508 war resumed in Italy, this time against the Republic of Venice, in which all the other powers with interests on the Italian peninsula, including Louis XII, Ferdinand II, Maximilian, and Pope Julius II joined together against as the League of Cambrai. Ferdinand II. Ferdinand II of Aragon, otherwise known as Ferdinand the Catholic, was born March 10, 1452 (and eventually died in the year of 1516, January 23). But the Treaty of Villafáfila did not hold for long because of the death of Philip; Ferdinand returned as regent of Castile and as "lord of the Indies". In 1504, after a war with France, he became King of Naples as Ferdinand III, reuniting Naples with Sicily permanently and for the first time since 1458.  He married Infanta Isabella, the half-sister and heiress of Henry IV of Castile, on 19 October 1469 in Valladolid, Kingdom of Castile and Leon. Pendant que la guerre continuait entre Juan II et ses sujets de Catalogne, les nobles et le peuple de Castille s'étaient soulevés contre leur roi, Enrique IV, dit l'Impuissant, refusant de prêter serment à sa fille, doña Juana (la Beltraneja), que l'on prétendait née de l'adultère de la reine avec Beltran de La Cu… In 1469, he married Infanta Isabella, the future queen of Castile, which was regarded as the marital and political "cornerstone in the foundation of the Spanish monarchy". Ferdinand, bekannt als Ferdinand der Katholische (aragonesisch Ferrando II o Catolico, * 10. Ferdinand II died on 23 January 1516 in Madrigalejo, Extremadura, Kingdom of Castile and Leon. Ferdinand annexed Navarre first to the Crown of Aragon, but later, under the pressure of Castilian noblemen, to the Crown of Castile. 1492 was also the year in which the monarchs commissioned Christopher Columbus to find a westward maritime route for access to Asia, which resulted in the Spanish arrival in the Americas. Some time before 1502 Andreas Palaiologos, the last exiled claimant to the Byzantine throne of his house, sold his titles and royal and imperial rights to Ferdinand. Ferdinand had a role in inaugurating the first European encounters in the future Americas, since he and Isabella sponsored the first voyage of Christopher Columbus (1451–1506), in 1492. Ferdinand violated the 1491 Treaty of Granada peace treaty in 1502 by dismissing the clearly guaranteed religious freedom for Mudéjar Muslims. Ferdinand II d'Aragon - Vikidia, l’encyclopédie des 8-13 ans König von Neapel. Dic. Les circonstances dans lesquelles se déroule l'événement sont à l'origine de l'anglicanisme. Isabella made her will on 12 October 1504, in advance of her 26 November 1504 death. María Esperanza de Aragón (? In 1501, following Ferdinand II's death and accession of his uncle Frederick, Ferdinand signed an agreement with Charles VIII's successor, Louis XII, who had just successfully asserted his claims to the Duchy of Milan, to partition Naples between them, with Campania and the Abruzzi, including Naples itself, going to the French and Ferdinand taking Apulia and Calabria. This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Ferdinand_II_of_Aragon" ; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Ferdinand I er d'Aragon et de Sicile (1379-1416), le Juste, roi (1412-1416) Ferdinand II d'Aragon et de Sicile (1452-1516), le Catholique (Aragon 1479-1516; Sicile 1468-1516) (= Ferdinand V de Castille (1474-1504)) (= Ferdinand III de Naples (1504-1516)) 1516-1556 : Charles I er, petit-fils des précédents, désigné par le testament de Ferdinand II au détriment de sa mère, incapable de régner. (whom he married on 19 October 1505 in Blois, Kingdom of France), King Ferdinand had one son: He also left several illegitimate children, two of them were born before his marriage to Isabella: With Aldonza Ruiz de Iborre y Alemany, a Catalan noblewoman of Cervera, he had: Monarch of the Crown of Castille (with Isabella I), After the conquest of Granada.With the arms of Granada.1492–1504, The Arms quarter the arms of Castile and León with the arms of Aragon and Aragonese Sicily, the last combining the arms of Aragon with the black eagle of the Hohenstaufen of Sicily. The French were successful in reconquering Milan two years later, however. In all, Isabella and Ferdinand had five living children. Juana de Aragón (1469 – bef. Ferdinand II of Aragon. She married. Some of the Muslims who remained were mudéjar artisans, who could design and build in the Moorish style. The completion of the Reconquista was not the only significant act performed by Ferdinand and Isabella in that year. L'avenir de Ferdinand est assuré lorsqu'il atteint sa majorité, en 1466, et qu'il est nommé roi de Sicile, en 1468. The main architect behind the Spanish Inquisition was King Ferdinand II. März 1452 in Sos; † 23. In it she spelled out the succession to the crown of Castile, leaving it to Joanna and then to Joanna's son Charles. He became jure uxoris King of Castile when Isabella succeeded her deceased brother in 1474 to be crowned as Queen Isabella I of Castile. WikiMatrix WikiMatrix . Cookie-policy; To contact us: mail to firstname.lastname@example.org Ab 1505 war er als Ferdinand III. The crown of Aragon he inherited in 1479 included the kingdoms of Majorca, Sardinia, Sicily, and Valencia, as well as the Principality of Catalonia. Fernando V (roi d'Espagne) Source. Ab 1479 regierte er als Ferdinand II. (? Ferdinand II, roi d'Aragon de 1479 à 1516. In 1512, he became King of Navarre by conquest. Isabella and Ferdinand's achievements were remarkable: Spain was united, or at least more united than it ever had been; the crown power was centralised, at least in name; the reconquista was successfully concluded; the groundwork for the most dominant military machine of the next century and a half was laid; a legal framework was created; the church was reformed. That year was the final victory in the war with Granada which defeated the last Muslim state in Iberia and all of Western Europe. Philip deemed his wife sane and fit to rule. , In 1502, the members of the Aragonese Cortes gathered in Zaragoza, and Parliaments of the Kingdom of Valencia and the Principality of Catalonia in Barcelona, as members of the Crown of Aragon, swore an oath of loyalty to their daughter Joanna as heiress, but Alonso de Aragón, Archbishop of Saragossa, stated firmly that this oath was invalid and did not change the law of succession which could only be done by formal legislation by the Cortes with the King. No, they are diverse human beings. In 1506, as part of a treaty with France, Ferdinand married Germaine of Foix of France, but Ferdinand's only son and child of that marriage died soon after birth. ), The first years of Ferdinand and Isabella's joint rule saw the Spanish conquest of the Nasrid dynasty of the Emirate of Granada (Moorish Kingdom of Granada), the last Islamic al-Andalus entity on the Iberian peninsula, completed in 1492.. Ayant choisi l'alliance avec l'Aragon à l'alliance avec le Portugal, dans l'espoir d'unifier la péninsule Ibérique sous domination castillane, Isabelle est mariée avec Ferd… Ferdinand II (Aragonese: Ferrando II; Catalan: Ferran II; Basque: Errando II; Spanish: Fernando II; 10 March 1452 – 23 January 1516), called the Catholic (Spanish: el Católico), was King of Aragon from 1479 until his death. The latter part of Ferdinand's life was largely taken up with disputes with successive kings of France over control of Italy, the Italian Wars. Aragonski (10. marec 1452, † 23. januar 1516) imenovan tudi Ferdinand Katoliški, kralj Aragonije(1479-1516) in Kastilje (kot Ferdinand V., 1474-1504), Sicilije (1468-1516) Neaplja(kot Ferdinand III., 1504-1516). 17 novembre : traité de Westminster entre Ferdinand II d'Aragon et Henri VIII d'Angleterre contre la France. Their firstborn was a daughter who became known as Isabella of Aragon (1470-1498), Queen of Portugal. During the reign of Ferdinand and Isabella, Spain pursued alliances through marriage with Portugal, Habsburg Austria, and Burgundy. Subscribe to this blog. – 1543). Ferdinand was born in Sada Palace, Sos del Rey Católico, Kingdom of Aragon, as the son of John II of Aragon (whose family was a cadet branch of the House of Trastámara) by his second wife, Juana Enríquez. Shield File:Arms of Ferdinand II of Aragon (1513-1516).svg; Licencja. Although the French were victorious against Venice at the Battle of Agnadello, the League of Cambrai soon fell apart, as both the Pope and Ferdinand II became suspicious of French intentions. His marriage to Isabella of Castile unified most of the Iberian Peninsula as Spain and started its move to become a great power. Jego matką […] była Juana Aragońska, córka Alonso de Aragón, arcybiskupa Saragossy, który z kolei był nieślubnym synem Ferdynanda II Katolickiego . Cardinal Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros, the Chancellor of the Kingdom, was made regent, but the upper nobility reasserted itself. Infante de Castille et d'Aragon, elle est reine consort d'Angleterre, avant de voir son mariage annulé par la volonté de son mari Henri VIII. Although Machiavelli utilizes Cesare Borgia as the central example figure, Ferdinand II is the ultimate example of Machiavelli’s teachings and message. Alonso de Aragón, Archbishop of Zaragoza, who, in turn, was the illegitimate son of King Ferdinand II of Aragon. Ferdinand II (Aragonese: Ferrando, Spanish: Fernando II, Catalan: Ferran) (10 March 1452 – 23 January 1516), called the Catholic, was King of Sicily from 1468 and King of Aragon from 1479 until his death. De son union avec Henri VIII, Cath… Those, however, had never been made use of, due to the doubtful nature of the deal.. 1516 à Madrigalejo, dit Ferdinand le Catholique, fut, par mariage, roi de Castille et León de 1474 à 1504 (sous le nom de Ferdinand V) puis, de son propre chef, roi d'Aragon, de Valence, de Majorque et de Sicile et comte de Barcelone de 1479 à 1516, comte de Roussillon et de Cerdagne de 1493 à 1516 et roi des D… At Ferdinand's death, Ferdinand's grandson, Charles I, became ruler of all the Iberian kingdoms except Portugal. Because his elder brother, Henry III, was an invalid, Ferdinand took the battlefield against the Muslims of Granada. Fille de Jean II Trastamare (1406-1454), roi de Castille, Isabelle, née le 2 avril 1451, monte sur le trône grâce à une loi dynastique qui n'en exclut pas les filles et à l'appui des grands du royaume, auxquels doit céder son demi-frère, le roi Henri IV, en déshéritant sa propre fille. Januar 1516 in Madrigalejo), war ab 1468 König von Sizilien. Born on March 10, 1452, at Sos, in Aragon, Ferdinand was the son of John II of Aragon and Juana Enriquez of Castile. Ferdinand forced all Muslims in Castile and Aragon to convert, converso Moriscos, to Catholicism, or else be expelled. https://hu.wikipedia.org/wiki/II._Ferdinánd_aragóniai_király Ferdinand II (Aragonese: Ferrando, Catalan: Ferran, Basque: Errando, Spanish: Fernando) (10 March 1452 – 23 January 1516), called the Catholic, was King of Sicily from 1468 and King of Aragon from 1479 until his death.  When Ferdinand succeeded his father as King of Aragon in 1479, the Crown of Castile and the various territories of the Crown of Aragon were united in a personal union.  It allowed Mudéjar Moors (Islamic) and converso Marrano Jews to stay, while expelling all unconverted Jews from Castile and Aragon (most Jews either converted or moved to the Ottoman Empire). , Coat of arms of Ferdinand II, in La Aljafería in Zaragoza. Ferdinand II was the King of Aragon during the late 15th century and the early 16th century. Isabelle et Ferdinand ont régné ensemble jusqu'à la mort d'Isabelle en 1504. Their first-born daughter Isabella was married to Alfonso of Portugal, and their first-born son John was married to Margaret of Austria.  Ferdinand had served as the latter's regent during her absence in the Netherlands, ruled by her husband Archduke Philip. Ferdinand II the Catholic (Spanish: Fernando de Aragón \"el Católico\", Catalan: Ferran d'Aragó \"el Catòlic\", Aragonese: Ferrando II d'Aragón \"lo Catolico\") (March 10, 1452 January 23, 1516) was king of Aragon (1479-1516), Castile, Sicily (1468-1516), Naples (1504-1516), Valencia, Sardinia and Navarre and Count of Barcelona. On the day of his wife's death, he formally renounced his title as king of Castile and instead became governor (gobernador) of the kingdom, as a way to become regent. Ferdinand II of Aragon, known as the Catholic , and Isabella I of Castile called the Catholic , engraving taken from life and voyages of Christopher Columbus, Washington Irving, 1851. After his son-in-law Philip's untimely death in September 1506, Castile was in crisis. À partir de 1555 , les couronnes de Castille et d'Aragon partagent un souverain unique , avant d'être fusionnées en 1716 en un royaume d'Espagne, par les décrets de … Isabelle 1ère (Madrigal de las Altas Torres 1451-Medina del Campo 1504), reine de Castille. His marriage to Isabella of Castile unified most of the Iberian Peninsula as Spain and started its move to become a great power. Obtenez des photos d'actualité haute résolution de qualité sur Getty Images  Nevertheless, the Flemish wished that Charles assume the royal title, and this was supported by his paternal grandfather the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I and by Pope Leo X. Consequently, after Ferdinand II's funeral on 14 March 1516, Charles I was proclaimed King of Castile and of Aragon jointly with his mother. During their reign they supported each other effectively in accordance to his joint motto of equality: "Tanto monta [or monta tanto], Isabel como Fernando" ("They amount to the same, Isabel and Ferdinand"). Ferdinand and Isabella established a highly effective sovereignty under equal terms. The various states were not formally administered as a single unit, but as separate political units under the same Crown. (Ferdinand II of Aragon, Ferdinand I of Spain) 1452–1516. Isabella was dubious of Joanna's ability to rule and was not confident of Joanna's husband Archduke Philip. Ferdinand II of Aragon, King of Spain, banned the planting of vines in Hispaniola in 1503. In March 1492, the monarchs issued the Edict of Expulsion of the Jews, also called the Alhambra Decree, a document which ordered all Jews either to be baptised and convert to Christianity or to leave the country. Nun at Madrigal de las Altas Torres. Ferdinand led an army against Pedro Fernández de Córdoba y Pacheco, the marquis of Priego of Córdoba, who had seized control there by force.. Catherine d'Aragon où Catalina en espagnol, née le 16 décembre 1485 à Alcala de Henares, en Castille, et morte le 7 janvier 1536 à Kimbolton, en Angleterre. You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA. Ferdinand II d'Aragon, roi d'Espagne, a interdit la plantation de vignes à Hispaniola en 1503. Ferdinand II (1430-1483), 3 e duc de Bragance et 1 er duc de Guimarães; Espagne Aragon. Ferdinand II (Aragonese: Ferrando II; Catalan: Ferran II; Basque: Errando II; Spanish: Fernando II; 10 March 1452 – 23 January 1516) was King of Aragon from 1479 to his death and by marriage King of Castile (as Ferdinand V) from 1474 to 1504, reigning over a dynastically unified Spain jointly with his wife Isabella I. Ferdinand is considered de facto the first King of Spain, being described as such during his own lifetime, although Castile and Aragon remained de jure two different kingdoms until the Nueva Planta Decrees of 1716..
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