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crash boeing 777

The Boeing 777-2H6ER took off from Kuala Lumpur Airport runway 32R at 0041LT bound for Beijing. The numbered events are those involving at least one passenger death where the aircraft flight had a direct or indirect role, and where at least one of the dead passengers was not a stowaway, hijacker, or saboteur. [232], Orders and deliveries through October 2020[1][2], Orders through October 31, 2020[1][2] and deliveries[3]. [136], As of 2019[update], Boeing lists prices for the 777-200ER, -200LR, 777F, -300ER, 777-8, and 777-9 variants. [178] Boeing proposes the 787-10 to replace it. [125][126], By April 2014, with cumulative sales surpassing those of the 747, the 777 became the best-selling wide-body airliner; at existing production rates, the aircraft was on track to become the most-delivered wide-body airliner by mid-2016. In January 2016, Boeing confirmed plans to reduce the production rate of the 777 family from 8.3 per month to 7 per month in 2017 to help close the production gap between the 777 and 777X created by a lack of new orders. [64] At the successful conclusion of flight testing, the 777 was awarded simultaneous airworthiness certification by the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and European Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA) on April 19, 1995. [173] Eight different customers have taken delivery of 60 aircraft of the variant, of which 18 were powered by the PW4000 and 42 by the RR Trent 800 (none were ordered with the GE90, which was never certificated on this variant[191]),[2] with 48 in airline service as of July 2018[update]. It was delivered new to Asiana Airlines on March 7, 2006, and at the time of the crash had accumulated 37,120 flight hours and 5,388 (takeoff-and-landing) cycles. [200], The first -300ER was delivered to Air France on April 29, 2004. The -200ER is the only Classic variant remaining available. On October 16, 1997, the 777-300 made its first flight. [202], The 777 Freighter (777F) is an all-cargo version of the twinjet, and shares features with the -200LR; these include its airframe, engines,[203] and fuel capacity. [58] Operations performance data established the consistent capabilities of the twinjet over long-haul transoceanic routes, leading to additional sales. During final approach to London's Heathrow, the aircraft engines from Beijing, China, at 720 feet [165] 767, 777, 787, Related information In June 2020, IAI received the first 777-300ER to be converted, from GECAS. [134], Mindful of the long time required to bring the 777X to the market, Boeing continued to develop improvement packages which improve fuel efficiency, as well as lower prices for the existing product. [33] The eight airlines that contributed to the design process became known within Boeing as the "Working Together" group. [161][162] The 747-8 and 767-400ER have also adopted the larger, more rounded windows of the original 777. The plane slammed into an Aeroflot Ilyushin 86 aircraft, destroying the aircraft. Its higher MTOW and increased fuel capacity permits a maximum range of 7,370 nautical miles (13,650 km) with 396 passengers in a two-class seating arrangement. [62] To satisfy ETOPS requirements, eight 180-minute single-engine test flights were performed. [91] [12] As of August 2019[update], -300ER deliveries to 45 different customers totalled 810, with 34 unfilled orders. [172], The initial 777-200 made its maiden flight on June 12, 1994 and was first delivered to United Airlines on May 15, 1995. The pilot glided it to a crash landing short of the runway at Heathrow. [80] On February 24, 2003, the -300ER made its first flight, and the FAA and EASA (European Aviation Safety Agency, successor to the JAA) certified the model on March 16, 2004. [101][187] Twelve different -200LR customers took delivery of 60 aircraft, with one unfilled order. That crash is also under investigation. For the road in Scotland, see, (US$ million, 2019) -200ER: 306.6, -200LR: 346.9, -300ER: 375.5, 777F: 352.3, For Boeing 777-8 and -9 specifications, see, 180-minute ETOPS approval was granted to the. [88], In March 1997, the Boeing board approved the 777-200X/300X specifications: 298 passengers in three classes over 8,600 nmi (15,900 km) for the 200X and 6,600 nmi (12,200 km) with 355 passengers in a tri-class layout for the 300X, with design freeze planned in May 1998, 200X certification in August 2000, and introduction in September and in January 2001 for the 300X. Those 777 Classics were powered with 77,200–98,000 lbf (343–436 kN) General Electric GE90, Pratt & Whitney PW4000, or Rolls-Royce Trent 800 engines. It can accommodate up to ten abreast seating layout and has a typical 3-class capacity of 301 to 368 passengers, with a range of 5,240 to 8,555 nautical miles (9,700 to 15,840 km). [193] It is powered by the GE90-115B turbofan, the world's most powerful jet engine with a maximum thrust of 115,300 lbf (513 kN). These long haul variants feature 110,000–115,300 lbf (489–513 kN) GE90 engines and extended raked wingtips. [239][240], The first hull loss occurred on January 17, 2008, when a 777-200ER with Rolls-Royce Trent 895 engines, flying from Beijing to London as British Airways Flight 38, crash-landed approximately 1,000 feet (300 m) short of Heathrow Airport's runway 27L and slid onto the runway's threshold. [82] With a 545,000 lb (247 t) MTOW and 77,000 lbf (340 kN) engines, it has a range of 5,240 nautical miles (9,700 km) with 305 passengers in a three-class configuration. [10], The 777 surpassed 2,000 orders by the end of 2018. The aircraft sustained heat damage and was written off. Large folding wingtips, 21 feet (6.40 m) long, were offered when the 777 was first launched, to appeal to airlines who might use gates made to accommodate smaller aircraft, but no airline purchased this option. All 4 crew members were killed, along with 5 people on the ground. [43] This lets engineers assemble a virtual aircraft, in simulation, to check for interference and verify that the thousands of parts fit properly—thus reducing costly rework. [137] The fly-by-wire system is supplemented by mechanical backup. [153] A ram air turbine—a small retractable device which can provide emergency power—is also fitted in the wing root fairing. Plane crashes by airline [40] The fuselage diameter was increased to suit Cathay Pacific, the baseline model grew longer for All Nippon Airways, and British Airways' input led to added built-in testing and interior flexibility,[21] along with higher operating weight options. [210] [269][271], The sixth confirmed hull loss occurred on November 29, 2017, when a Singapore Airlines 777-200ER experienced a fire while being towed at Singapore Changi Airport. Visit the News for more information. [164], Air France has a 777-300ER sub-fleet with 472 seats each, more than any other international 777, to achieve a cost per available seat kilometer (CASK) around €.05, similar to Level’s 314-seat Airbus A330-200, its benchmark for low-cost, long-haul. Boeing's wing modifications were intended to deliver the remainder. General Electric improved the fan module and the high-pressure compressor stage-1 blisk in the GE-90-115 turbofan, as well as reduced clearances between the tips of the turbine blades and the shroud during cruise. IAI should receive the first aircraft in December 2020 while certification and service entry was scheduled for late 2022. The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration publicly affirmed the airw [2], The 777-300ER ("ER" for Extended Range) is the B-market version of the -300. Two passengers, who had not been wearing their seatbelts, were ejected from the aircraft during the crash and were killed. agl, the right engine of G-YMMM ceased responding to autothrottle commands for increased power and instead the power reduced on both engines. The original 777 with a maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) of 545,000–660,000 lb (247–299 t) was produced in two fuselage lengths: the initial -200 was followed by the extended-range 777-200ER in 1997; and the 33.25 ft (10.13 m) longer 777-300 in 1998. [54] By the start of production, the program had amassed 118 firm orders, with options for 95 more from 10 airlines. Mach 0.87–Mach 0.89 (499–511 kn; 924–945 km/h), *Overlapping production times like between the 747-400 and the 747-8 have been decided in favor of newer models, 777s are serving or have served as official government transports for nations including, In 2014, the USAF examined the possibility of adopting modified 777-300ERs or 777-9Xs to replace the, The first prototype Boeing 777-200, B-HNL, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 08:16. [188] The closest competing aircraft from Airbus are the discontinued A340-500HGW[183] and the current A350-900ULR. For training purposes, this document is available in viewfoil format, and the pages are available as 2' X 3' black and white wall charts. [132], In tandem with the development of the third generation Boeing 777X, Boeing worked with General Electric to offer a 2% improvement in fuel efficiency to in-production 777-300ER aircraft. [98][195] [210], In October 2019, Boeing and Israeli Aerospace Industries (IAI) launched the 777-300ERSF passenger to freighter conversion program with GECAS ordering 15 aircraft and 15 options, the first aftermarket 777 freighter conversion program. [25], Airline customers were uninterested in the 767-X proposals, and instead wanted an even wider fuselage cross-section, fully flexible interior configurations, short- to intercontinental-range capability, and an operating cost lower than that of any 767 stretch. [12] [204], As the aircraft promises improved operating economics compared to older freighters,[99] airlines have viewed the 777F as a replacement for freighters such as the Boeing 747-200F, McDonnell Douglas MD-10 and McDonnell Douglas MD-11F. ", "Jet Wreckage Bears Signs of Impact by Supersonic Missile, Analysis Shows", "With Jet Strike, War in Ukraine Is Felt Globally", "Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 shot down by surface-to-air missile in what Ukrainian president calls 'act of terrorism, "U.S. official: Missile hit Malaysia Airlines plane", "Flight MH17 downed by Russian-built missile, Dutch investigators say", "Emirates flight from Trivandrum crash-lands in Dubai, passengers safe", "Images Of The Emirates Plane That Burst Into Flames In Dubai", "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 777-212ER 9V-SQK Singapore-Changi International Airport (SIN)", "Ethiopian 777F suffers major fire in Shanghai", "Breaking: Ethiopian Boeing 777 Freighter Caught Fire in Shanghai", "BA Jet Fire: Multiple Breaches Of Engine Case", "British Airways Boeing 777 catches fire at Las Vegas airport and forces evacuation", "British Airways plane catches fire in Las Vegas", "Fire erupts after BA 777 aborts takeoff", 19 injured as Boeing 777 engine catches fire in Tokyo, plane evacuated, Hundreds Evacuate Korean Air Jet After Engine Catches Fire, Korean Air evacuates plane at Japan's Haneda Airport after engine fire, "Engine catches fire on Singapore Air flight to Milan", "Boeing chooses largest wingspan for 777X", "Type certificate data sheet No. [82] The -200LR was certified by both the FAA and EASA on February 2, 2006,[100] and the first delivery to Pakistan International Airlines occurred on February 26, 2006. [10] The longer range 777-300ER with a MTOW of 766,000–775,000 lb (347–352 t) entered service in 2004, the ultra long-range 777-200LR in 2006, and the 777F freighter in 2009. Emirates Boeing 777 aircraft, flying from India, crash-landed in Dubai (UAE) as it was attempting to fly a go-around, bursting into flames minutes later. These improvements, of which the latter is the most important and was derived from work to develop the 787, were stated by GE to lower fuel burn by 0.5%. [102] It has a maximum design range of 8,555 nautical miles (15,844 km) as of 2017[update]. [84] The -300 was awarded type certification simultaneously from the FAA and JAA on May 4, 1998,[85] and entered service with launch customer Cathay Pacific on May 27, 1998. [52], To accommodate production of its new airliner, Boeing doubled the size of the Everett factory at the cost of nearly US$1.5 billion[35] to provide space for two new assembly lines. [39] The 240 design teams, with up to 40 members each, addressed almost 1,500 design issues with individual aircraft components. [129] In 2018, assembling test 777-9 aircraft was expected to lower output to an effective rate of 5.5 per month. [110] By 2004, the airliner accounted for the bulk of wide-body revenues for the Boeing Commercial Airplanes division. Perrett, Bradley, Very Chinese, Aviation Week & Space Technology, February 16 – March 1, 2015, pp.38-9. [124] The 777-8 provides seating for 384 passengers and has a range of 8,730 nmi (16,170 km) while the 777-9 has seating for 426 passengers and a range of over 7,285 nmi (13,500 km). In March 2019, the Boeing 737 MAX passenger airliner was grounded worldwide after 346 people died in two crashes, Lion Air Flight 610 on October 29, 2018 and Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302 on March 10, 2019. [142], Unlike smaller airliners like the Boeing 737, no current 777 wings have winglets; instead, the exceptionally long raked wings of the 777 serve the same drag-reducing function. [270] There were no passenger casualties of the 300 people on board, however, one airport fireman was killed fighting the fire. [61], The first Rolls-Royce Trent 877-powered aircraft was delivered to Thai Airways International on March 31, 1996,[70] completing the introduction of the three powerplants initially developed for the airliner. [16] In 1978, Boeing unveiled three new models: the twin-engine Boeing 757 to replace its 727, the twin-engine 767 to challenge the Airbus A300, and a trijet 777 concept to compete with the DC-10 and L-1011. [32] At the first group meeting in January 1990, a 23-page questionnaire was distributed to the airlines, asking what each wanted in the design. [156] Several aircraft have also been fitted with VIP interiors for non-airline use. [119] More changes were targeted for late 2012, including possible extension of the wingspan,[119] along with other major changes, including a composite wing, new powerplant, and different fuselage lengths. The aircraft landed without further incident. Boeing Commercial Airplanes P.O. [75] Boeing states that the 777 fleet has a dispatch reliability (rate of departure from the gate with no more than 15 minutes delay due to technical issues) above 99 percent. [251][250][252] The official accident investigation concluded in June 2014 that the pilots committed 20 to 30 minor to significant errors in their final approach, and that complexities of the automated controls contributed to the accident. Ethiopian Airlines immediately grounded its remaining MAX fleet. By January 1999, its MTOW grew to 340,500 kg (750,000 lb), and thrust requirements increased to 110,000–114,000 lbf (490–510 kN). [116] The smaller Boeing 787 Dreamliner, the first stage of a replacement aircraft initiative called the Boeing Yellowstone Project,[117] entered service in 2011. [257][258] The cause remains unknown, but the Malaysian Government in January 2015, declared it an accident. [239] The aircraft, operated by British Airways, suffered fire damage to the lower wing panels and engine housing; it was later repaired and returned to service. Longer range variants were launched on February 29, 2000 and were first delivered on April 29, 2004. [183] Other new features include extended raked wingtips, redesigned main landing gear, and additional structural strengthening. [65][66] The FAA awarded 180-minute ETOPS clearance ("ETOPS-180") for the Pratt & Whitney PW4084-engined aircraft on May 30, 1995, making it the first airliner to carry an ETOPS-180 rating at its entry into service. [24] In 1986, Boeing unveiled proposals for an enlarged 767, tentatively named 767-X,[25] to target the replacement market for first-generation wide-bodies such as the DC-10,[21] and to complement existing 767 and 747 models in the company lineup. [87] Early plans centered on a 777-100X proposal,[88] a shortened variant of the -200 with reduced weight and increased range,[88] similar to the 747SP. [177] The 777-300ER features raked and extended wingtips, a strengthened fuselage and wings and a modified main landing gear. The 307 surviving passengers and crew on board evacuated before fire destroyed the aircraft. [196] Each tire of a 777-300ER six-wheel main landing gear can carry a load of 59,490 lb (26,980 kg), which is heavier than other wide-bodies such as the 747-400. [75], Following the introduction of the -200ER, Boeing turned its attention to a stretched version of the airliner. [71] Seating options range from four[155] to six abreast in first class up to ten abreast in economy. [2], As of July 2018[update], 338 examples of the -200ER are in airline service. [2] Operators had 140 of the 777F in service as of July 2018[update]. As of July 2020 , the 777 has been involved in 29 aviation accidents and incidents, including a total of eight hull losses (five in-flight and three on-ground incidents), resulting in 541 fatalities along with three hijackings. [43] Major assembly of the first aircraft began on January 4, 1993. [212] The 777-9 first flew on January 25, 2020, with deliveries expected to commence in 2022.[213]. Other notations include "773ER"[171] and "773B" for the -300ER. [21] Airline planners' requirements for larger aircraft had become increasingly specific, adding to the heightened competition among aircraft manufacturers. [63] The first aircraft built was used by Boeing's nondestructive testing campaign from 1994 to 1996, and provided data for the -200ER and -300 programs. [76][77][78][79], After the original model, Boeing developed an increased gross weight variant of the 777-200 with greater range and payload capability. [137] This system can be overridden by the pilot if deemed necessary. [142], The airframe incorporates the use of composite materials, which comprise nine percent of its original structural weight (all models outside the 777-8 and 777-9). Competing on similar French overseas departments destinations, Air Caraïbes has 389 seats on the A350-900 and 429 on the -1000. [173] The -200 was primarily aimed at U.S. domestic airlines,[23] although several Asian carriers and British Airways have also operated the type. As the undercarriage was in the process of being retracted, the aircraft landed on its rear underbody and engine nacelles, resulting in the separation of one engine, loss of control and subsequent crash. [118], A total of 1,416 aircraft (all variants) were in airline service as of July 2018[update], with Emirates (163), United Airlines (91), Air France (70), Cathay Pacific (69), American Airlines (67), Qatar Airways (67), British Airways (58), Korean Air (53), All Nippon Airways (50), Singapore Airlines (46), and other operators with fewer aircraft of the type. As a result, the heat exchanger was redesigned. [87], Developed alongside the -300ER, the -200LR features an increased MTOW and three optional auxiliary fuel tanks in the rear cargo hold. [250] These were the first fatalities in a crash involving a 777 since its entry into service in 1995. Boeing has delayed plans to unveil its huge new 777X jetliner this week following the deadly crash of one of the company's aircraft in Ethiopia. [152] The aircraft has triple redundant hydraulic systems with only one system required for landing.

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